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Posts Tagged ‘Capital Ficticio’

“Eurozone. A Crisis of Financialised Capitalism”: Costas Lapavitsas

13/05/2013 Deja un comentario

Keynote Lecture by Professor Costas Lapavitsas.

Dictatorship of Failure: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the European Political and Economic Crisis. Symposium organised at the Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 15 November 2012.

Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies

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“El tipo de ciudad en que queremos vivir está ligado al tipo de personas que queremos ser”: David Harvey

20/03/2013 1 comentario

bcn vgEn el prefacio de Rebel Cities (Ciudades rebeldes), empiezas describiendo tu experiencia en París durante los ’70: “Edificios gigantes, carreteras, viviendas públicas desalmadas y mercantilización monopolizada sobre las calles amenazando con absorber el viejo París… París desde los ’60 en adelante estaba simplemente en medio de una crisis existencial. El viejo no podía durar. Además, fue también en 1967 cuando Henry Lefebvre escribió su ensayo fundamental “Sobre el derecho a la ciudad”. ¿Puedes hablar sobre este período de los ’60 y ’70? ¿Cómo te interesaste por el paisaje urbano? ¿Y cuál fue el ímpetu para escribir Rebel Cities?
En todo el mundo se mira a los ’60, históricamente, como un período de crisis urbana. En los Estados Unidos, por ejemplo, fue un momento en el que muchas ciudades centrales se incendiaron. Hubo revueltas y casi revoluciones en ciudades como Los Angeles, Detroit y por supuesto después del asesinato del doctor Martin Luther King en 1968, alrededor de 120 ciudades estadounidenses vivieron una inquietud social y acción rebelde más o menos masivas. Menciono esto sobre Estados Unidos, porque lo que estaba en efecto ocurriendo era que la ciudad se estaba modernizando. Se estaba modernizando en base al automóvil; se estaba modernizando en base a las áreas residenciales. La Vieja Ciudad, o lo que había sido el centro político, económico y cultural de la ciudad durante los ’40 y ’50, estaba quedándose atrás. Recuerda, estas tendencias estaban teniendo lugar en todo el mundo capitalista avanzado. Así que no era sólo en Estados Unidos. Había serios problemas en Gran Bretaña y Francia, donde un modo de vida más antiguo estaba siendo desmantelado –un modo de vida sobre el que creo que nadie debería ser nostálgico-, pero este antiguo modo de vida estaba siendo desplazado y sustituido por un nuevo modo de vida basado en la comercialización, la propiedad, la especulación con la propiedad, la construcción de carreteras, el automóvil, la suburbanización, y con todos estos cambios vimos un aumento de la desigualdad y la inquietud social.

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“Crisis theory and the great recession”: Riccardo Bellofiore

15/03/2013 Deja un comentario

Riccardo Bellofiore – Crisis theory and the great recession: a personal journey from Marx to Minsky
*****

DPU: http://dpu.mirovni-institut.si/index.php
FB stran: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Delavs…

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“The Contradictions of Capital”: David Harvey

27/02/2013 Deja un comentario

University of Warwick
Distinguished Lecture Series
14 February 2013

David Harvey is the Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He is a leading political economist and social theorist of international standing. He is a highly cited academic and the author of many books and essays. Professor Harvey received his BA, MA and PhD from Cambridge University and was formerly Professor of Geography at John Hopkins University, Halford Mackinder Professor of Geography at the University of Oxford and Senior Research Fellow at St Peter’s College Oxford.

His numerous awards include Outstanding Contributor Award of the Association of American Geographers, the Centenary Medal from the Royal Scottish Geographical Society and the Patron’s Medal of the Royal Geographical Society for contributions to critical human

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“The Current Financial Crisis and the Future of Global Capitalism”: Michael Heinrich

20/02/2013 Deja un comentario

Prophecies of Downfall

The fact that Marx finally began with the composition of his long-planned economic work in the winter of 1857/1858 was directly occasioned by the economic crisis that broke out in the autumn of 1857 and the concomitant expectations of a deep trauma from which capitalism would no longer recover.  “I am working like mad all night and every night collating my economic studies so that I at least get the outlines clear before the deluge,” wrote Marx to Engels in a letter from December of 1857 (MECW 40, p.217).  The crisis of 1857/1858 was in fact the first true global economic crisis of modern capitalism, which involved all major capitalist countries of that time (England, the USA, France, and Germany).  In the Grundrisse that emerged during this period, one can find the sole unambiguous passage of Marx’s work that can be understood as a theory of capitalist collapse (MECW 29, p.90 et sqq.).  This collapse, Marx was convinced, would unleash revolutionary movements.  In a letter to Ferdinand Lassalle from February of 1858, he even expressed his fear that in light of the expected “turbulent movements” his work would be finished “too late” and thus “find the world no longer attentive to such subjects” (MECW 29, p. 271).  Marx was right about the fact that he wouldn’t finish his work (the first volume of Capital was published nine years later), but this first global crisis of capitalism led neither to a collapse of capitalism nor to any sort of revolutionary movement.  The crisis had already been overcome in the early summer of 1858, and the capitalist system even came out of it enormously strengthened.  Marx learned a lesson: in capitalism, crises function as brutal acts of purification.  The destruction wreaked by crises removes previous impediments to accumulation and frees up new possibilities for capitalist development.

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“Statistical Evidence of Falling Profits as Cause of Recession”: J. A. Tapia Granados

28/01/2013 Deja un comentario

Tapia Granados, José A. “ Statistical Evidence of Falling Profits as Cause of Recession A Short Note”, Review of Radical Political Economics December 2012 vol. 44 no. 4 484-493.

Data on 251 quarters of the U.S. economy show that recessions are preceded by declines in profits. Profits stop growing and start falling four or five quarters before a recession. They strongly recover immediately after the recession. Since investment is to a large extent determined by profitability and investment is a major component of demand, the fall in profits leading to a fall in investment, in turn leading to a fall in demand, seems to be a basic mechanism in the causation of recessions.

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“Timadores y profetas: Hechos, ficciones y fetichismos”: David Harvey

24/01/2013 Deja un comentario

This is an introduction to DAVID HARVEY´s talk in Buenos Aires, on 27th december 2012

SWINDLERS AND PROPHETS: FACTS, FICTIONS AND FETISHISMS

BIOECON MEDIA is a platform dedicated to exploring different forms of social organization and supporting cultural innovation.

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“Credit Crunch: origins and orientation”: Paul Cockshott and Dave Zachariah

11/01/2013 2 comentarios

1. Introduction

The cyclical pattern of capitalism is periodically punctuated by severe crises that lead to restructuring of the political-economic system. In this article we argue that the underlying factor of the current crisis is a real economic imbalance caused by an unprecedented growth of the nancial sector. Moreover, we argue that a return to an expansive era of capital accumulation will become impossible in the advanced countries.

Each structural crisis opens opportunities for signicantly advancing the position of the working-class. But it requires a socialist movement with the organisational and programmatic capacity to articulate and implement progressive policies. This is not the state of the movement at present. We believe that without a political economy of the working-class it is impossible to formulate a coherent political program of the working-class.

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“Finance, crisis and the left alternatives”: Alfredo Saad-Filho

07/01/2013 Deja un comentario

Alfredo Saad-Filho, Dept. Head of Development studies at the University of London, England, says that we have a situation of malfunction, but there is not the political will to replace capitalism. In his recent talk in Vancouver, He says that he wants to see people claim the right to a different future. He says it is inconceivable that people will accept all the inequalities, the difficulties, the crisis and the waste that we have today. He also says that there is more than enough to satisfy everyone needs globally: Today there is no need or reason why people starve in different parts of the world (October-2010)

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“The Dynamics of the Crisis”: Guglielmo Carchedi

07/01/2013 Deja un comentario

“Economic Theory and the Current Crisis”: Anwar Shaikh

29/11/2012 2 comentarios

Anwar Shaikh at the Central Bank of Argentina Conference on Money and Banking, October 1, 2012 – (3 parts)

Part 1

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“A new global depression?”: Richard Duncan interview

27/11/2012 Deja un comentario

You were one of the very few analysts to predict the full enormity of the financial crisis, writing as early as 2003 of a coming credit crunch that would have ramifications throughout the asset-backed securities sector, necessitating giant bail-outs for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and financial-insurance companies, and a possible meltdown in the multi-trillion-dollar derivatives market. This prescience was in stark contrast to the complacency of most mainstream economists. Could you describe how you came to write The Dollar Crisis—what was the course of your intellectual development and what did you learn from your experience as a Far East securities analyst?

I grew up in Kentucky and went to Vanderbilt University. My plan was to go to law school, but I didn’t get in. Plan B was to go to France for a year, picking grapes. I got a job as a chauffeur in Paris, driving rich Americans, and made enough money to backpack around the world for a year, in 1983 and 84. So I was lucky enough to see the world when I was very young. I spent a couple of months in Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore—and even a couple of months there was long enough to realize: go east, young man.

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“Marxist theory, financial system and crisis of 2008”: S. Lapatsioras, D.P. Sotiropoulos and J. Milios

01/11/2012 1 comentario

Abstract: Returning to Marx’s analysis in the third volume of Capital we shall endeavour to outline a Marxist interpretation of contemporary capitalism, contemporary financialization and the crisis of 2008. Crucial in this connection are the concept of fictitious capital and the associated with it process of capitalization. Financialization should be conceived as a type of organization and a mode of exercising capitalist power, which consists of a whole set of instruments, techniques, levels of application and targets. In this way, financialization as a generalization of these processes into a complex system comprises a decisive link for the enforcement of the capital domination. This means that our study does not concentrate merely on the ‘productive’ or ‘unproductive’ effects that financialization might have on ‘development’ or ‘consumption’, but on a whole series of other possible and crucial effects which seem marginal at first sight. As a consequence, we regard finance as a complex social function that cannot be isolated from ‘real’ economy.
Accordingly, such argumentation, based, of course, on Marxian concepts, provides the terms to rethink contemporary neoliberal form of capitalism and modern crisis as expressions of the contradictions inherent in this organization of capital hegemony, and contemporary form of imperialism, as well. Our analysis also comes up with some conclusions concerning the discussions within Marxism on whether derivatives are commodities or money (or even some other representation of capitalist wealth) and how should we comprehend the global crisis of 2008 in the light Marxian argumentation.

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“Crisis monetaria, crisis de acumulación”: Joaquín Arriola

24/10/2012 Deja un comentario

Darle la vuelta a la situación, nos dice Arriola, es una decisión política internacional que sin embargo no se puede tomar sin afectar al problema de fondo, esto es, la ausencia de un sistema monetario internacional y el modelo de consumo a crédito ilimitado diseñado por las autoridades de Estados Unidos.

Breve excurso histórico

El crédito es el aceite en el motor de la economía capitalista. Todo el proceso de producción se hace a crédito: los bancos o los inversores financieros conceden crédito a las empresas para adquirir los bienes de capital necesarios para la producción; los trabajadores le conceden crédito al empresario, que no les paga sino al final de periodo laboral, normalmente un mes. Esos mismos trabajadores adquieren a crédito los bienes de consumo de larga duración, e incluso los productos más básicos. Los procesos de centralización del capital, genéticamente inscritos en la acumulación capitalista, también se financian a crédito.

A medida que aumenta la complejidad del proceso productivo, las innovaciones financieras se convierten por tanto en una necesidad para realizar operaciones de crédito que cada vez requieren un volumen unitario más grande, acorde con la dimensión de los procesos (de producción, de centralización) a financiar. De esta forma, las sociedades por acciones, las tarjetas de crédito o el sistema de préstamos interbancarios han surgido como innovaciones estratégicas dirigidas a facilitar la expansión de la economía de crédito.

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“Financial profit: profit from production and profit upon alienation”: Costas Lapavitsas and Iren Levina

08/10/2012 Deja un comentario

Abstract

Financial profit is prevalent in contemporary capitalist economies, yet its nature and sources remain unclear. In classical political economy, and for Marx, profit is conceptualised in two distinct ways. First, it is a newly produced flow of value (profit from production). Second, it is a share of either money revenue or existing sums of money, accruing through transactions in financial or real assets (profit upon alienation or expropriation). Both dimensions are vital to the analysis of financial profit, but the distinction is of particular relevance to profit from trading in financial assets, which has a dual nature. In immediate terms, profit from trading in financial assets arises from redistributing loanable money capital; when mediated, it represents the accrual of future surplus value. If, however, the mediation is incomplete, such financial profit remains redistributed loanable capital and is unrelated to newly produced value. In sum, financial profit is normally profit from production, but retains elements of profit upon alienation or expropriation.

Key-words: capital gains, exploitation, financial profit, loanable capital, profit

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