AS WE know, the modern state was not formed as a result of some direct economic determination, as a mechanical super-structural outcrop, in conformity to a reductivist view of the sup-posedly one-sided material domination of society, as presented in the vulgar Marxist conception of these matters. Rather, it was dialectically constituted through its necessary reciprocal interaction with capital’s highly complex material ground. In this sense, the state was not only shaped by the economic foundations of society but it was also most actively shaping the multifaceted real-ity of capital’s reproductive manifestations throughout their his-torical transformations, both in the ascending and in the de-scending phase of development of the capital system.
In this complex dialectical process of reciprocal interchange the historical and the transhistorical determinations have been closely intertwined, even if in the course of the capital system’s descending phase of development we had to witness a growing violation of the historical dialectic, especially under the impact of the deepening structural crisis. For the defence of the estab-lished mode of societal reproduction at all cost, no matter how wasteful and destructive its impact by now even on nature, can only underline the historical anachronism and the corresponding untenability of a once all-powerful mode of productive societal reproduction, which tries to extend its power in a “globalized form” at a time when the absolute systemic limits of capital are being activated on a global scale.
Nuevo libro sobre Simón Bolívar, San Martín, Mariano Moreno y nuestra Independencia. Pensar el Bicentenario desde abajo. Debates abiertos, sueños pendientes
Texto de presentación y contraportada
El interés por nuestra historia crece día a día. Resulta ineludible pensar el Bicentenario a escala continental, no de modo aislado, país por país. Eso implica desmontar la historia oficial, de matriz eurocéntrica. Romper con la mirada colonial y provinciana de Nuestra América. A contramano del abandono posmoderno del supuesto “mito del origen” y de una globalización imperial que nos ningunea, resurgen una y otra vez las preguntas por nuestra identidad, la reconstrucción de nuestras luchas, la búsqueda del sentido… Mientras los pueblos aspiran a identificarse con los rebeldes del pasado, las conmemoraciones oficiales del Bicentenario han sido apologéticas y complacientes. Las burguesías sólo pretenden legitimarse. Cualquiera sea la marca del calendario lo que persiste es la discusión sobre la historia. Necesitamos liberar con urgencia el pasado para abrazar el porvenir.
Primera conferencia de Enrique Dussel sobre la crítica de la economía política de Marx de su curso ” 16 Tesis de Economía Política”
The Ideal in Human Activity
Marxist Internet Archive Publications (www.marxists.org), Pacifica CA, 2009. 396pp. $25 pb
The Ideal in Human Activity by E. V. Ilyenkov is a substantial tome consisting of two complete books and three articles, which offers for the first time in the form of a single volume the majority of this renowned Soviet philosopher’s work currently available in English translation. This publication constitutes an important intervention in the problem of consciousness, which has figured prominently in the canon of Western social and political thought from Plato to the present. Theories about the origin and nature of human thought have fundamentally shaped our notions of politics, taking a substantial turn in the nineteenth century in light of the critical significance that Marx ascribed to the role of consciousness in the process of revolution (Lowy 2005, p. 10). Consequently, the key debates on political organization in classical Marxism turned on the question of how to displace the hegemony of ruling ideas produced by false consciousness with the objectively correct perspective articulated by the class-conscious vanguard of the proletariat in the form of the communist party (Lukacs 1971; 2000; Second Congress of the Comintern 1977). But when the organizational innovations ascribed to Lenin (Lih 2005) did not yield in Central and Western Europe the same results ‘as in Russia’, the principal figures of a tradition retrospectively known as Western Marxism (Anderson 1976), set out in the early 1920s to re-examine some of the most foundational concepts on which the problem of consciousness rests in an effort ‘to rescue Marxism from positivism and crude materialism’ (Jacoby 1983, p. 524).