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Posts Tagged ‘Fuerza de Trabajo’

“Os sentidos do trabalho”: Ricardo Antunes

09/04/2014 Deja un comentario

O sociólogo do trabalho Ricardo Antunes em conferência internacional em Portugal sobre seu clássico “Os sentidos do trabalho” (http://bit.ly/1hKAlER).

Em Os sentidos do trabalho, Ricardo Antunes demonstra que a sociedade do trabalho abstrato possibilitou, por meio da constituição de uma massa de trabalhadores expulsos do processo produtivo, a aparência da sociedade fundada no descentramento da categoria trabalho e na perda de centralidade do ato laborativo no mundo contemporâneo.

autor também alerta, porém, para o fato de que o entendimento das mutações em curso no mundo operário nos obriga a ir além das aparências. Ao fazer isso, lembra que o sentido dado ao trabalho pelo capital é completamente diverso do sentido atribuído pela humanidade.

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“Primitive Accumulation, Migrant Workers and Social Reproduction in the Age of Austerity”: David McNally

13/05/2013 Deja un comentario

The Age of Austerity ushered in by the global crisis of 2008-9 centrally involves cheapening the reproduction of labour-power by means of reducing both private wages and the social wage administered by the state. These policies have decided class, gender, racial and generational dimensions. To properly elucidate these dimensions, however, requires that we also grasp ongoing primitive accumulation as a crucial ‘moment’ in the austerity agenda. To accomplish this means addressing the role of the reproduction of the global reserve army of labour, and of precarious migrant workers, in the restructuring of labour-power on a world scale.

In order to develop the theory of primitive accumulation in these directions, this paper returns to tensions in Marx’s account of the social reproduction of labour-power. Here I argue that not only does Marx’s conceptualization require a gender analysis, but that it also needs to be developed with respect to the problematic of labour migration. I show where Marx points to ways in which we might do this. The analysis presented underlines the decisive importance of an anti-racist defence of migrant workers for any effective working class politics in the Age of Austerity.

David McNally is Professor of Political Science at York University and a leading member of the New Socialist Group (www.newsocialist.org). He has written extensively on the critique of political economy. His publications include Global Slump: The Economics and Politics of Crisis and Resistance and Monsters of the Market: Zombies, Vampires and Global Capitalism.

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“Marx y Polanyi. La posibilidad de un diálogo”: Carlos Fernández Liria y Luis Alegre Zahonero

18/01/2013 Deja un comentario

Resumen

Este artículo pretende sentar las bases para un posible diálogo entre cierta lectura de Marx y la obra de Karl Polanyi. Para ello es preciso, en primer lugar, aislar los motivos que llevaron a Polanyi a criticar duramente el enfoque marxista. En segundo lugar, comprobar si otra posible lectura de Marx podría escapar a esa crítica, introduciendo el debate en una problemática más interesante. Con ello pretendemos contrarrestar la tendencia a insertar la obra de Polanyi en el seno de un nuevo pensamiento reaccionario.

Palabras clave: Marx, Polanyi, mercado, hombre, capitalismo, ilustración, antropología

1. Polanyi: “El hombre es el mismo a lo largo de la historia”

Marx y Polanyi no son incompatibles. Al contrario, en un cierto sentido se iluminan mutuamente. Bien es verdad que, en un primer plano, destacan sobre todo los desencuentros. La gran transformación de Karl Polanyi contiene, sin duda, una crítica muy poderosa a Marx, al que acusa de economicismo, aunque no en el sentido habitual. Por su parte, el universo del marxismo, en general muy propenso al historicismo, tampoco podía sentirse muy interesado por una obra en la que podía leerse que “El hombre es el mismo a lo largo de la historia” (Polanyi, 1989: 422)2.

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“Gender, Work and Reproduction in the Crisis”: Historical Materialism 2012

27/11/2012 Deja un comentario

Occupy Reproduction: Movements, Commons and the Grand Domestic Revolution“: Silvia Federici

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Moishe Postone – Congrès Marx International V (04-10-2007)

28/09/2012 Deja un comentario

Video 1

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“Financialisation, the Value of Labour Power, the Degree of Separation, and Exploitation by Banking”: Ben Fine

31/08/2012 Deja un comentario

Introduction

The emergence to some prominence of radical political economy from the mid-1960s for a decade or more witnessed significant debate over Marx’s value theory across committed Marxist economists, more sceptical but sympathetic heterodox economists, and also orthodox economists who tended to be dismissive if occasionally offering some admiration from the perspective of their own concerns (Marx as general equilibrium, growth or duality theorist). As a result, debate involved the nature and validity of value theory and its position within Marx’s and Marxist political economy as a whole. Over the past two decades, contributions from non- Marxists to value theory have fallen away considerably. This reflects both bad news and good news. The bad news is, of course, that the influence and presence of Marxist political economy has been in decline. The good news is that current debate itself is richer for having moved beyond, if not universally, whether Marx’s value theory is valid and to address how it is to be interpreted by those who have both knowledge of its finer points and wish to apply them to theoretical and empirical questions.

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