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Posts Tagged ‘Composición orgánica del capital’

“A general refutation of Okishio’s theorem and a proof of the falling rate of profit”: Alan Freeman

01/10/2012 Deja un comentario

This is the first published general refutation of the Okishio theorem. An earlier refutation based on a specific example was published by Kliman and McGlone in 1988. Okishio’s theorem, published in 1961, asserts that if real wages stay constant, the rate of profit necessarily rises in consequence of any cost-reducing technical change. It proves this within a simultaneous equation (general equlibrium) framework.

This paper establishes that this proposition is false within a differential equation (temporal) approach. In such a framework the denominator of the rate of profit rises continuously, regardless of whether or not there is technical change, unless capitalist consumption exceeds profit, as occurs in a slump.

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“Desde la crisis de la plusvalía a la crisis del euro”: Guglielmo Carchedi

04/05/2012 3 comentarios

I. Una de las características de la crisis financiera estallada en 2007 – y todavía no solucionada – es su relación con la crisis del Euro. En síntesis, la tesis de este artículo es que la crisis del Euro es la manifestación en la zona euro de la crisis de los derivados. Esta, a su vez, encuentra su raíz en la caída secular de la tasa media de beneficio en los sectores productivos de los EE.UU. Esta tesis ha sido desarrollada en Detrás y mas allá de la Crisis1. Este artículo sigue la misma línea de investigación. Con este objetivo, será necesario reproducir algunas argumentaciones presentadas ya en Detrás y mas allá de la Crisis, pero solo las estrictamente necesarias y en una versión recortada.

Para empezar, consideramos los sectores que producen bienes materiales en los EE.UU.
que por aproximación pueden ser considerados como representantes de todos los sectores productivos.

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“Differences in Surplus-value Rates between Developed and Underdeveloped Countries”: B. Gloria Martínez González y Alejandro Valle Baeza

03/11/2011 Deja un comentario

Previous findings by Martínez have raised an important question, which this work contributes to solve: if over time a positive correspondence between productivity and surplus-value rate can be observed ¿why then do underdeveloped countries show higher surplus-value rates than developed countries? Based on econometric analysis, cluster analysis and fixed effect panel analysis evidence is supporting that groups of less productive countries have higher or at least not lower surplus-value rates than those corresponding to more productive groups of countries. Nevertheless, it is also shown that over time or within the groups there is a correlation between productivity and surplus-value rate. A feasible explanation of such national differences of surplus-value rate is examined considering organic composition of capital. ¿How does importing means of production affect such a composition and hence surplus-value rate in underdeveloped countries? An account is examined based on value theory and such composition is estimated in the case that means of production are imported.

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